Island of Lokrum

The first mention of Lokrum in writing came in 1023,

Island of Lokrum
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in connection with founding the Benedictine Abbey and monastery.According to legend Richard the Lion-Heart was cast ashore here after being shipwreked in 1192 while returning from the Crusades. The vow he made to build a church on the spot where he came ashore should he be saved was kept at least in part.Although he came a shore in Lokrum, at the request of Dubrovnik citizens, he contributed to the building of the Cathedral in the City.

In 1859 Maximilian of Habsburg then the owner of the island, came to Lokrum, and he had a mansion built on the ruins of the former monastery and laid out a marvelous garden and crisscrossed with pathways. The tradition of bringing in the exotic plants and gardening that existed from the time of Benedictines to the Maximilian was continued in 1959 with the foundation of the Botanical Garden. Most of the plant varieties derive from Australia and South America: of particular interest is the collection of eucalyptuses, cactuses and succulents. In 1963 Lokrum was declared a Natural Reserve, and in 1974 a Special Forest Vegetation Reserve.

There is a little lake caled Mrtvo More, Dead Sea, on the island, linked with the open sea, and suitable for children and non-swimmers to bathe in.

On the highest peak there is a fortress called Fort Royal built in the shape of a star by French Army in 1806 it gives marvelous view to Dubrovnik, Cavtat and the islands.

From the old port there is a boat that takes you ten minutes only to the island, the favorite excursion spot nearby the City.

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